Starting from the assumption that from a physical point of view springs are very particular and complex components, we have carried out several studies focused on the influence of external forces that can affect them, both in static and dynamic mode.


It is intrinsic in the behaviour of springs, and especially in their use, the ability to be able to withstand continuous elastic deformations, which at the time of their application momentarily change their construction size;

Springs must also be able to absorb large amounts of elastic energy, which must then be released when the external force ceases to be applied.

It is mainly for this reason, that the study of their behaviour when subjected to one or more external forces becomes crucial.